management of common pregnancy symptoms

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The journey to motherhood has begun. You feel a mixture of anticipation, joy, hope, excitement, and perhaps a little apprehension. Unfortunately, these euphoric moments may also include episodes of nausea, vomiting, constipation, and back pain. How do you get through the rest of the pregnancy without these nagging changes?

 

These changes are initiated by estrogen, progesterone, and the other pregnancy hormones. These are normal changes and vary among women and pregnancies, they are not complications.  Here are some common pregnancy symptoms and tips on how to manage them.

Breast Changes 

Breast changes include tenderness, heaviness, tingling, increase in size, darkening of the areolae (skin around the nipples), and more apparent bumps and blood vessels.

 

Tips: Wear a supportive bra, they may be more comfortable than bras you currently wear

Food Cravings 

Your taste may change and you may crave certain foods, especially sweets, while other foods become distasteful.

 

Tips: Try to eat a balanced diet and eat as you desire, but avoid bingeing on high-calorie and high-fat foods.

Frequent Urination

As the enlarging uterus puts pressure on your bladder, you may need to urinate more frequently.

 

Tips: Try to reduce your fluid intake before going to bed and avoid drinks with caffeine.

Nausea and Vomiting  

Morning sickness can be experienced at any time of the day and is usually caused by high pregnancy hormone levels. In most women, bouts of nausea subside by the fourth month. Contact your doctor if you find you are unable to drink, retain fluids, or are losing weight.

 

Tips: Avoid foods that are high in fat, acidic or spicy. Have small frequent snacks of bland food to keep your stomach from being empty. Keep some dry crackers or toast next to your bed. Avoid smells that may induce nausea

Skin Changes 

You may notice a darkening of moles and freckles and the areolae around the nipples. Some women develop a dark line from the navel down to their pubic area or darkened blotches on the face.

 

Tips: These skin changes are caused by hormones and usually disappear after delivery

Back Pain   

Back aches are common during pregnancy and may result from increased weight in the abdominal region, postural changes, stretching and softening of ligaments.

 

Tips:  When bending, keep your back straight and bend your knees, move around, avoid heavy lifting, Try to develop good posture and do not wear heels.